[230.2]. Yes, it can. There are four criteria,
detailed in 230.2(A) - (D): Special Conditions, Special Occupancies,
Capacity Requirements, and Different Characteristics.
[230.3]. You can't pass service conductors for
one building through another building.
[230.9] plus [230.4] (fairly extensive). Vertical
clearance, clearance from building openings, clearance above roofs,
clearance from ground, clearance from swimming pools.
[230.29]. Substantial ones. Also, where
practicable, they must be independent of the building.